Hair ringworm, also known as scalp ringworm, is the result of the fungus tinea capitis. Children aged 4 to 14 are most likely to be affected by ringworm though it can affect those of any age. Typical ways of catching ringworm are through bedding, public headrests such as on the plane or at the theater, hats, combs, or dirty hair styling tools. The fungus gets under the skin through tiny openings on the scalp and feeds off of the keratin (a protein on the scalp).
Hair ringworm causes the scalp to turn red and irritated and get crusty and scaly, similar to the symptoms of severe dandruff. Scalp ringworm can cause hair thinning, in fact more than fifty percent of childhood hair loss is due to a ringworm infection. The hair will often fall out in round bald patches, sometimes small black dots are left behind, otherwise the location appears red and swollen.
Doctors can ordinarily diagnose hair ringworm with a visual inspection. When in doubt, a physician will have a lab culture examined to make certain you don’t have psoriasis or another skin condition. Medical professionals usually suggest oral anti fungal drugs for curing ringworm. The most popular prescription is Griseofulvin; it is taken daily for one to two months or until a lab sample reveals that the ringworm is gone. Shampoos that contain the ingredients selenium sulfide or zinc pyrithione, these can be found in products such as Head & Shoulders or Selsun Blue, can heal hair ringworm.
More must be done after your hair ringworm is eliminated to guarantee that you do not get it again. To be safe, throw out old combs, pillow cases and anything else that the head came into contact with. Whenever washing anything that may have come into contact with ringworm fungus, clean in hot water and use the dryer. This mixture of wet and dry heat will help to effectively destroy the fungus. Another thing to keep in mind is that many people carry the fungus but do not have symptoms, so have everyone in your family take preventative measures if anyone has had ringworm.
Avoid sharing hats, pillows and hairbrushes with others. Don’t rest your head on public places, like in airplanes, unless you first cover the headrest. A common misconception about ringworm is that shaving your hair will help conquer it. This is not true since ringworm lives right below the scalp and not in the hair.
Hair ringworm is certainly an awfully annoying and discomforting problem. Visiting your doctor so that you can attain suitable drugs is generally considered as the most reliable way to treat ringworm. Being perceptive of everyday things your hair comes in contact with and if they are possible carries of ringworm.